Category: Cancer

8 Ways to Reduce the Risks of Cancer

Cancer is a horrifying word. Upon hearing the word, the imagined is death, short life, long-suffering, saving depletion.

If it’s scary, do we ever think about preventing it?

How to prevent it?

8 Ways to Reduce the Risks of Cancer

1. Stop Tobacco

The risk of lung cancer, increased 23 times in men, and 13 times in women who smoke. Tobacco boost:

  • Risk of oral cancer,
  • Lip cancer,
  • Pancreatic cancer,
  • Cancer of the vocal cords,
  • Cervical cancer,
  • Cancer of the bladder and kidney.

Proven when the smokers quit smoking in a day, then the risk for cancer can be lost.

2. Reduce Sunshine Exposure

If you are white, and when exposed to the sun, your skin is flammable, indicating that the melanin content in your skin is small. This glowing skin can increase the risk of skin cancer melanoma type.

Some important tips to keep in mind is, avoid exposure to sunlight, at 10:00 am to 03:00 pm, use clothes that cover areas that will be exposed to sunlight, use sunglasses, and do not forget to use sunscreen with SPF 15 or more.

Regular alcohol consumption can cause liver damage. Where alcohol will increase the risk of cancer, by helping to insert harmful substances into cells and damage them. Initially, alcohol triggers the condition of fatty liver, which if not handled will trigger cancer.

For 15 million people in Australia, excessive alcohol consumption, and as many as 90% -100% of ALD disease. Fatty liver may arise after moderate or severe alcohol consumption.

This disorder can occur, only with heavy alcohol consumption, in a short time (acute alcoholic liver disease). Genetics also play an important role in the development of this disease. Some other conditions that also affect this disease are hepatitis C, iron consumption is high, obesity and diet.

4. Enough Sleep

As reported by WebMD, people who sleep less than 6 hours showed an increased risk of cancer by 50%, especially in the intestine. Ideal sleep is 7 to 8 hours a day, depending on your condition.

5. Remember About HPV

HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) is the most common cause of disease cases in the anus, vagina and penis. Therefore, it is essential to do prevention, because now there is a vaccine for HPV.

HPV or human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted disease. There are about 40 types of HPV and are transmitted through sexual contact. Most HPV infections do not provide symptoms but are the leading cause of cervical cancer (HPV types 16 and 18).

6. Remember Family Cancer History

Make sure you know the history of cancer in your family because you should do a routine check for this type of cancer.

Are there brothers, parents, or grandparents who have cancer before?

This is not to make sure that you will also experience the same thing, only this can be a yellow light for you, to further find out, and if necessary do early prevention, just as Angelina Jolie did when she decided to remove her breasts as a form of preventing breast cancer.

7. Check Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is in the stomach and upper intestine, which can cause stomach cancer. This bacteria is initially entrenched in the stomach, then later on with time, the bacteria will make the injury (ulcer) in the stomach wall. That if the injury continues without treatment, it will become inflammation which then triggers cancer.

The problem of inflammation caused by these bacteria is very vague and the same as the condition of the ulcer. In fact, most in the United States, most of the ulcer patients are found in Helicobacter pylori stomach.

To examine these bacteria, several tests are accurate and easy to do, including antibody blood tests, urea breath tests, stool antigen tests, and endoscopic biopsy.

8. Diet Food

Consumption of fat in the daily diet should be 30% of the calories you consume daily. Fat increases estrogen levels and estrogen is associated with several cancer risks. To reduce the risk of colon cancer, you should consume 20-30 grams of fibre a day, meaning that in a day you should consume vegetables and fruits at least five times a day.

The Fear and Anxiety in Dealing with Lung Cancer

When you are diagnosed with cancer, it is absolutely normal when you suddenly feel scared or panic. To cope with all those fear and anxiety, discover more about the potential symptoms and cause of these feelings.

The Fear and Anxiety in Dealing with Lung Cancer

Why Do Feel Anxious?

Anyone who is diagnosed with cancer is going to be hard to deal with the fact. Therefore, it is very normal if you feel panic, frightened, or anxious from time to time. How to handle that feeling relies on:

  • The type of person you are
  • How dangerous your cancer is
  • The care you have
  • How much support that you have from your family and friends
  • Panic and fear

You start to feel afraid and worried about what can happen to you next. You might think of what caused you to have cancer. Cancer can be caused by cigarettes, chemical radiation, food or even asbestos exposure. Although not many people agree that asbestos is one of the causes of cancer, the facts show that asbestos exposure has been associated with lung cancer.

You might have a far more worst feeling such as a panic attack, that is quite different from the feeling of a self-concern.

This strong feeling can be very frightening, and you might feel that you are not handling the disease well. But there’s no right or wrong when it comes to cancer. Each person is handling the situation differently, and many things rely on the other situation of our lives.

What Are the Causes of Lung Cancer?


Lung cancer is strongly associated with cigarette smoking. 90% of lung cancers are increasing as a result of the use of tobacco. The risk of lung cancer arises with a number of cigarettes which are smoked over time. Doctors point out this risk regarding pack-years of the history of smoking per day and multiplied by the number of years.

Among those smokers who smoke two packs of cigarette or more per day, one in seven smokers will die due to the lung cancer. The risk is even much higher when you smoke more.

Passive smoker

The inhalation of tobacco smoke from the active smokers sharing living or working places is also caused risk factor for the lung cancer development. Research has proven that nonsmokers who live with a smoker have increased the risk of developing lung cancer by about 24% when compared with other non-smokers.

Asbestos Fibres

Asbestos fibres are silicate fibres which can persist for lifespan in lung tissues after the exposure to asbestos. The common source of the asbestos fibres exposure is the workplace because asbestos was extensively used in the past for both acoustic insulation and thermal materials.

Both lung cancer and also mesothelioma are related to exposure to asbestos. Cigarette smoking greatly increases the probability of developing an asbestos-related lung cancer in workers who were exposed. Those asbestos workers who also smoke have a risk which is from 50 to 90 times greater compared to the non-smokers. Use professional help to remove asbestos. Householders may legally remove asbestos from their property. However, it is recommended that only a licensed professional remove loosely-bound asbestos. A list of licensed asbestos removalists in Sydney is available on the Worksafe NSW website.

When handling asbestos material, you should take precautions to minimise the release of asbestos fibres. If you do not feel confident to safely handle or remove the material, you should engage a licensed asbestos removalist.

Radon Gas

Radon gas is also known as the cause of lung cancer. It is estimated that 12% of the deaths of lung cancer attributable to radon gas or around 15,000 to 22,000 deaths related to lung cancer annually in the Australia.

Handling Cancer: Fight or flight response

When the body tackles something frightening or stressful, it releases adrenaline which prepares the body for fighting the stress or running from it. It is known as a fight or flight response that causes you to jump off the street to avoid being hit a motorcycle, or a car appeared out of nowhere.

Adrenaline causes your body functions to increase, heart beats faster and muscles to contract. It may also cause intestinal motility to die.

The more you feel worry, the more likely that the fight and escape response and the symptom increase. It can be a dangerous circle, and you can feel as if you have no control over the situation you are dealing with.

Being Healed

The first thing that people with cancer will ask is whether or not they will die. Some of the cancer patients are successfully cured and even live for years. Even those who cannot be cured, the treatment can help the patients to overcome the pain and discomfort or slow down the growth of cancer.

A doctor cannot say for certain that cancer has been cured. It cannot be said that cancer may not come back again. Knowing that one lives in uncertainty makes things even more difficult for the cancer patients.

To help those who live such kind of uncertainty, there are ways that may help, including:

  • Meet a specialist, nurse or consultant. Talk with them
  • Find out the condition of your disease
  • Talk to your closest ones such as family and friends regarding your feelings

15 Cancer Symptoms to Look Out For

Cancers that are life-threatening can start from common symptoms, which are common. Early detecting can improve the effectiveness of treating cancer potential.

The best way to deal with cancer is to detect the earliest symptoms, which have or may develop in the body. Although most of these symptoms can be very general, checking them out first can make a big difference. Take the time to check for any symptoms.

15 Cancer Symptoms to Look Out For

Changes to the Skin

Skin cancer can be characterised by changes in size, colour, and shape of the mole or other skin surfaces. These changes may include:

  • Excessive hair growth.
  • Hyperpigmentation or skin colour becomes darker.
  • Skin and eyes become yellowish.
  • Eritrea or reddish skin.
  • Itchy.
  • Skin bruised for no apparent reason.

Lumps on the skin, which do not go away, also worth being aware of. Changes in the lymph nodes, often marked by a lump, are common when infection occurs. But this change, unfortunately also can be an indication, the existence of lymphoma or leukaemia.

Changes to Breasts

Changes below, not only occur in women but can also occur in male breasts. About one percent of breast cancers as well can occur in men with similar symptoms, which starts with a lump in the breast. Also, other symptoms that may arise are:

  • Squeezing nipples.
  • Breast skin wrinkles or redness.
  • The presence of fluid is coming out of the nipple.

For more self-examination, you can ask for a physical examination by your doctor and a mammogram test at a nearby hospital.


Persistent bloating, accompanied bleeding from the vagina, or significant weight loss, may be a sign of ovarian cancer. Blood tests, pelvic examinations, or ultrasound are needed to detect those possibilities.

Pain during Swallowing

The pain of swallowing food, is common, especially if you are coughing, but throat cancer or stomach cancer also has similar symptoms, especially if accompanied by vomiting, or weight loss. The sound that turns hoarse in the long run should also be wary of.

Weight Loss Drastically

Weight loss of up to 4.5 kilograms, or more in no time at all for no apparent reason, can be one of the most important signs to look out for. Pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, and lung cancer development with early symptoms, such as weight loss drastically, without any effort.

Liver pain

Heartburn that does not go away can be a symptom of ovarian cancer, throat cancer, and stomach cancer.

Changes in the Mouth

Oral cancer is common in smokers, characterised by the presence of bright reddish spots in the mouth and tongue. Can also white spots. This condition is called leukoplakia, the precancerous period caused by repeated irritation. Caused by smoking, especially tobacco smokers who use pipes.

Fever Prolonged

Fever can occur due to cancer, or the impact of cancer treatment, to the immune system. Leukemia or other blood cancers can be started with symptoms of fever that does not heal.

Exhausted Fatigue

Always feel tired despite having enough rest, can be a symptom of cancer, especially if accompanied by other symptoms, such as blood in the stool. This fatigue can be a sign that cancer is developing.

Coughing and Coughing Blood

A cough that does not go away by itself, up to four weeks and accompanied by blood, can be a symptom of lung cancer.

Urinating Disease

Various changes that occur around the urine can be a sign of a more serious disease. Bedwetting or urination, which can not be controlled, and urine is hard to get out, can be symptoms of prostate cancer.

The presence of blood in the stool can be a symptom of haemorrhoids or even colon cancer. While urinating blood may be symptoms of kidney or bladder cancer. Diarrhea and prolonged constipation also must be checked to the doctor.

Depression and Stomach Pain

Be alert if there is a history of pancreatic cancer in the family. Depression accompanied by prolonged abdominal pain can be a symptom of this disease.

Pain in Particular Body Part

The pain is felt, can be a sign, that cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Persistent headaches can be one of the earliest symptoms of a brain tumour.

While back pain can be a symptom of ovarian cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer. Joint pain or muscle that does not go away also need to watch out for.

Bleeding between Menstrual Time

Bleeding outside the time of menstruation can sometimes be a sign of endometrial cancer or cancer of the uterine lining. Check with your doctor to confirm this condition.

Changes to Testikel

Testicular cancer that holds the potential to occur, only this overnight can be preceded by a lump in the male testes.

It should be remembered, experiencing the conditions above, not necessarily make you diagnosed with cancer. But if the above symptoms do not subsist, or even worse, it is time for you to see a doctor, to anticipate the possibility of more serious illness.

Patient Navigators Make a Difference in Cancer Screening Compliance – Study

Early screening is one of the many factors getting credit for the increasing number of Australians living beyond a diagnosis of cancer.

In fact, it is estimated that some 15.5 million Australians are considered survivors at present. That number is expected to climb to well over 20 million in the next decade or so.

While early screening protocols have greatly improved the ability for doctors to detect and treat many forms of this disease in it is initial – and more treatable – stages, not everyone is complying with recommended testing.

Patient Navigators Make a Difference in Cancer Screening Compliance

This is where patient navigators can make a big difference, a recent study found. These healthcare professionals serve as liaisons between the medical practices they work for and their patient populations.

The study in question focused in on more than 1,600 patients at different healthcare practices. The patients were all considered overdue for routine breast, colorectal or cervical cancer screenings.

They were also all considered at-risk of not getting the screenings at all due to the history of previously missed appointments. Their primary language, researchers noted, was not English.

About 800 patients in the study group were assigned a patient navigator. This professional reached out in patients’ language and explained the need for testing, provided educational information and encouraged them to undergo screening.

They also arranged for transportation, if necessary, and went with them to screening. Researchers ultimately found that patients who worked with a navigator were much more likely to undergo at least one of the screenings they had previously failed to complete.

The rate was about 32 percent. In the group not assigned a navigator, only about 18 percent of patients eventually reported for a routine screening appointment.

The study sheds light on the potential benefits liaisons may serve in helping individual patients navigate the healthcare system more efficient.

In doing so, these professionals may serve a critical role in addressing health disparities in populations that are considered at-risk, researchers concluded.

It is estimated that more than 1.7 million Australians will be diagnosed with a non-skin cancer form of cancer in the coming year. More than 500,000 will die from the disease.

Routine screening is considered one of the keys to helping people improve their odds of a positive outcome should cancer be diagnosed. When detected early, many forms of cancer, such as prostate, breast and colorectal, are deemed highly treatable.

Considering the risk cancer poses in the Australian population, it is recommended that all people talk to their doctors about their risks. If a patient navigator is available to work with, this professional may also be able to help with guidance.